The National Museum of Ethiopia
The first measure was taken in Ethiopia towards the safeguarding of the nation’s historical and cultural heritages when archaeological research began in collaboration with a French team of scientists. Due to the continued research there arose the aim of organizing an institution to preserve and exhibit the collections.
The national museum of Ethiopia was established in 1944 and began its activities by exhibiting a few archaeological collections as well as some ceremonial costumes and ethnographic objects.
The museum gradually improved and developed to its present standard as the country’s leading national museum in 1966 and transferred to the building where it is located today.
One of the major objectives of the museum is presenting selected artifacts worthy of exhibition using the best display techniques available as a means of education and enjoyment for the general public.
Exhibits of the national museum are presented under the following four main sections.
Paleontology and pre- history; - Lucy and other fossils including stone tools.
Historical and Archaeological findings that depict the early history from the pre-Axumite times to the 16th century AD.
Ethnography: - Traditional and ceremonial costumes, jewellery… etc. reflecting the diversified cultures of the various ethnic groups.
Modern Art: - Selected paintings and sculptures from different Ethiopian artists, such as; Maitre Artist Laureate Afework Tekle.
Almost every object has captions so that visitors can learn about the Nation’s rich history. Besides its regular services, the museum organizes special tour programs for student and interested groups whenever requested.
The museum also controls the export of historical and cultural relics abroad, i.e., it investigates the souvenirs purchased by tourists and other visitors in order to protect heritages from being exported abroad. A special section of the Museum is authorized to manage and examine the historical value and purity of the objects to be exported by tourists.